Law and Order
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Law and Order
Law and order is the most fundamental feature of any society that wishes to march on the road to development and prosperity.
According to the latest data of National Crime Records Bureau, out of 53 Indian cities with a population over 10 lakh, Delhi accounted for 17.6% of Rape cases, 31.8% of Kidnapping & Abduction cases, 14% of Dowry Deaths, 10.1% of Molestation cases and 13.3% of crimes against women.
Poor Crime Control
A recent National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB) report released in the fourth week of November 2012 revealed that Delhi was leading in the theft cases with 32,240 cases registered between 2007 and 2011 while the victims lost their valuables worth Rs. 290 crore. Every day, more than 40 vehicles get stolen in Delhi. The city accounts for 9.7% of motor vehicle thefts in the country, second only to the much larger states of Uttar Pradesh (14.1%) and Maharashtra (12.7%).
The CAG report on Delhi Police has clearly said most of the funds earmarked for modernisation of the communication branch of the Delhi Police were not utilised. Physical implementation of Intelligent Traffic System could not be started due to deficient planning, thereby, depriving users of the benefits of world-class traffic system in the Capital, apart from unfruitful expenditure of Rs.7.5 crore.
Recent rape, molestation and other such horrific incidents on women in the capital city, have put forward the question yet again on women security and what the government in power is doing to address the same.
Delhi witnesses more rapes than the next five metros put together and instead of taking responsibility, the Chief Minister plays blame game with Police commissioner and Home Minister.
Some statistics reveal the plight of women and the never ending misery.
Crime against women - A statistical glance
Statistics released by the Union Law Ministry show how rape cases crawl. Out of more than one lakh pending cases across the country in 2012, only around 14,700 — or 14.5 per cent — could be decided.
Delhi UT has reported the highest crime rate at 12.4 as compared to the National average of 2.91. Delhi city has accounted for 19.3% of rape cases, 23.1% of kidnapping & abduction cases, 14.6% of dowry deaths and 10.9% of assault on women with intent to outrage her modesty cases among 53 cities.
Among the major cities, Delhi registered 585 cases of rape in 2012. In 2011, there were 453 rapes in Delhi and 414 rape cases in the year 2010.
In 2012, Delhi recorded 639 incidents of assault on women with intent to outrage her modesty and 181 incidents of insult to the modesty of women. Delhi recorded 556 incidents of molestation in 2011 and 550 incidents of molestation in 2010.
And the conviction rate has been as poor. Only 3,563 people were convicted while more than 11,500 people were acquitted.
In Delhi, out of 2,007 cases tried in 2012, 1,404 remained pending and the conviction rate was almost 15 per cent.
The 2013 Criminal Law Amendment Act aims at addressing some of the main reasons for the cases plodding along for unacceptable period of time. However, past experience shows the new law will have to overcome several obstacles before it actually starts delivering. Several previous amendments in the criminal law are still in the quest of relevance in trials.
In many states, there are not enough women judges to adjudicate rape cases. The most glaring example would be Delhi where six fast track courts have been earmarked to hear rape cases but only two of them are presided over by women judges.
The way forward
- Increasing the women strength in police force. Currently women constitute only 5% of total force
- The rape cases should be dealt on the fast track sessions court
- Every complaint of rape must be registered by the police and medical examination should be conducted. Any officer who refuses/fails to register a case of rape should be removed
- Setting up women police stations and round-the-clock presence of women in police station
- Removal of the police personnel facing the complaints. Delhi police have the highest number of complaints against its personnel. Only the police officers with reputation of outstanding ability and character should be placed at the higher levels of the police force
- Strict punishment for the sexual assailants. Death penalty in the rarest of the rare case
- The helpline for women safety turned out to be big failure. First, it led to public confusion over multiple numbers (167, 108, 109 , 181) and at last the final number ‘181’ fails to take off due to technical error
- Strengthen the National Commission on Women. It’s just an advisory body, with much of political interference in the appointments to key positions
- Street lighting everywhere would provide more safety since dark areas are more prone to facilitate crimes
- Making the public transport safer, a police attendant in all public buses, after 6 PM
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